Impact of Salt Tectonics on Temperatures Distribution Revealed by RSCM Thermometry in the SW Alps (France)

Main Article Content

Naïm Célini
Jean-Paul Callot
Abdeltif Lahfid
Frédéric Mouthereau


Evaporites have a strong impact on the structural and sedimentary evolution of sedimentary basins and fold-and-thrust belts. They also have a thermal conductivity that can be more important than other sedimentary rocks and are thus able to modify the thermal history of these sedimentary basins and fold-and-thrust belts. Even though this property is known and has been of interest for the oil and gas industry, no field examples have been studied trying to decipher how salt rock impacts temperature distribution in fold-and-thrust belts. In this paper, we use the Raman Spectroscopy on Carbonaceous Material (RSCM) to track the record of the peak thermal event around three salt structures from the southern sub-Alpine fold-and-thrust belt in SE France. These three salt structures are (1) the Astoin allochthonous salt sheet and the associated overturned megaflap, (2) the Rocher de Hongrie and (3) the Daluis diapir. Our results show that the resulting record of peak temperatures around the structures is different depending on the type of salt structure and its kinematic. The Astoin structure shows that salt tectonics during the Jurassic-Cretaceous has impacted the temperature distribution around the allochthonous salt sheet while at Daluis and the Rocher de Hongrie, the temperatures have overprinted an already existing salt-related structure. The impact of the salt structure on temperature distribution is always local but the interpretation of the RSCM temperatures may systematically be difficult without considering early salt tectonics in the structural evolution of the area.

Article Details

How to Cite
Célini, N., Callot, J.-P., Lahfid, A., & Mouthereau, F. (2024). Impact of Salt Tectonics on Temperatures Distribution Revealed by RSCM Thermometry in the SW Alps (France). τeκτoniκa, 2(1), 68–90.


Alsop, G. I., R. Weinberger, S. Marco, and T. Levi (2018), Fault and fracture patterns around a strike-slip influenced salt wall, Journal of Structural Geology, 106, 103–124, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2017.10.010.

Angiboust, S., R. Langdon, P. Agard, D. Waters, and C. Chopin (2012), Eclogitization of the monviso ophiolite (w. alps) and implications on subduction dynamics, Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 30(1), 37–61, doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1314.2011.00951.x.

Angiboust, S., J. Glodny, O. Oncken, and C. Chopin (2014), In search of transient subduction interfaces in the dent Blanche–Sesia tectonic system (w. alps), Lithos, 205, 298–321, doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2014.07.001.

Angrand, P., and F. Mouthereau (2021), Evolution of the alpine orogenic belts in the western mediterranean region as resolved by the kinematics of the Europe-Africa diffuse plate boundary, BSGF - Earth Sciences Bulletin, 192, doi: 10.1051/bsgf/2021031.

Apps, G., F. Peel, and T. Elliott (2004), The structural setting and palaeogeographical evolution of the grès d’annot basin, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 221(1), 65–96, doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2004.221.01.05.

Arlhac, P., and C. Rousset (1979), La nappe de digne près de gap (Hautes-Alpes) : sa place dans les alpes externes françaises, Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, 288(D), 47–50.

Arlhac, P., B. Beaudoin, C. Kerckhove, J. Rouire, and C. Rousset (1983), Carte géologique de la france à 1/50000, feuille 894, seyne.

Arnaud, H., M. Gidon, and J.-L. Pairis (1977), Précisions sur la structure des chaînes subalpines méridionales dans la région de Faucon-Turriers-Clamensane (alpes de Haute-Provence), Géologie alpine, 53, 5–34.

Artru, P. (1967), Le contrôle structural de la sédimentation argileuse dans les terres noires jurassiques, d’embrun à la vallée du rhône (france), Bulletin du Service de la carte géologique d’Alsace et de Lorraine, 20(4), 211–222, doi: 10.3406/sgeol.1967.1323.

Artru, P. (1972), Les terres noires du bassin rhodanien (bajocien supérieur à oxfordien moyen): stratigraphie, sédimentologie, géochimie-alpes françaises, Ph.D. thesis, Université Claude Bernard-Lyon I.

Balansa, J., A. Lahfid, N. Espurt, J.-C. Hippolyte, P. Henry, S. Caritg, and B. Fasentieux (2023), Unraveling the eroded units of mountain belts using RSCM thermometry and cross-section balancing: example of the southwestern french alps, Geologische Rundschau: Zeitschrift fur allgemeine Geologie, 112(2), 443–458, doi: 10.1007/s00531-022-02257-3.

Baudrimont, F., and P. Dubois (1977), Un bassin mésogéen du domaine péri-alpin : le sud-est de la france, Bulletin Centres Rech. Explor. -Prod. Elf-Aquitaine, 1(1), 261–308.

Bellanger, M., R. Augier, N. Bellahsen, L. Jolivet, P. Monié, T. Baudin, and O. Beyssac (2015), Shortening of the european dauphinois margin (oisans massif, western alps): New insights from RSCM maximum temperature estimates and 40Ar/39Ar in situ dating, Journal of Geodynamics, 83, 37–64, doi: 10.1016/j.jog.2014.09.004.

Beltrando, M., D. Rubatto, R. Compagnoni, and G. Lister (2007), Was the valaisan basin floored by oceanic crust? evidence of permian intra-plate magmatism in the versoyen unit (valaisan domain, NW alps), Ofioliti, 32(2), 15, doi: 10.7892/boris.85691.

Berástegui, X., C. J. Banks, C. Puig, C. Taberner, D. Waltham, and M. Fernàndez (1998), Lateral diapiric emplacement of triassic evaporites at the southern margin of the guadalquivir basin, spain, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 134(1), 49–68, doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1998.134.01.04.

Bestani, L., N. Espurt, J. Lamarche, O. Bellier, and F. Hollender (2016), Reconstruction of the provence chain evolution, southeastern france, Tectonics, 35(6), 1506–1525, doi: 10.1002/2016tc004115.

Beucher, R., P. van der Beek, J. Braun, and G. E. Batt (2012), Exhumation and relief development in the pelvoux and Dora-Maira massifs (western alps) assessed by spectral analysis and inversion of thermochronological age transects, Journal of geophysical research, 117(F3), 1–22, doi: 10.1029/2011jf002240.

Beyssac, O., B. Goffé, C. Chopin, and J. N. Rouzaud (2002), Raman spectra of carbonaceous material in metasediments: a new geothermometer, Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 20(9), 859–871, doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1314.2002.00408.x.

Bigot-Cormier, F., M. Sosson, G. Poupeau, J.-F. Stéphan, and E. Labrin (2006), The denudation history of the argentera alpine external crystalline massif (western alps, France-Italy): an overview from the analysis of fission tracks in apatites and zircons, Geodinamica Acta, 19(6), 455–473, doi: 10.3166/ga.19.455-473.

Bonini, M. (2003), Detachment folding, fold amplification, and diapirism in thrust wedge experiments, Tectonics, 22(6), doi: 10.1029/2002tc001458.

Boutoux, A., N. Bellahsen, U. Nanni, R. Pik, A. Verlaguet, Y. Rolland, and O. Lacombe (2016), Thermal and structural evolution of the external western alps: Insights from (U–Th–Sm)/He thermochronology and RSCM thermometry in the aiguilles Rouges/Mont blanc massifs, Tectonophysics, 683, 109–123, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.06.010.

Brooke-Barnett, S., R. Graham, L. Lonergan, and L. A. Csicsek (2023), Salt tectonics along a strike-slip fault system in the sub-alpine chains of southeastern france, from the triassic to the oligocene, AAPG bulletin, 107(1), 87–122, doi: 10.1306/08042221102.

Brun, J.-P., and X. Fort (2004), Compressional salt tectonics (angolan margin), Tectonophysics, 382(3), 129–150, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2003.11.014.

Burrel, L., and A. Teixell (2021), Contractional salt tectonics and role of pre-existing diapiric structures in the southern pyrenean foreland fold–thrust belt (montsec and serres marginals), Journal of the Geological Society, 178(4), jgs2020–085, doi: 10.1144/jgs2020-085.

Callot, J.-P., S. Jahani, and J. Letouzey (2007), The role of pre-existing diapirs in fold and thrust belt development, in Thrust Belts and Foreland Basins, edited by O. Lacombe, J. Lavé, F. Roure, and J. Vergés, pp. 309–325, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Callot, J.-P., V. Trocmé, J. Letouzey, E. Albouy, S. Jahani, and S. Sherkati (2012), Pre-existing salt structures and the folding of the zagros mountains, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 363(1), 545–561, doi: 10.1144/SP363.27.

Cámara, P. (2017), Chapter 17 - salt and Strike-Slip tectonics as main drivers in the structural evolution of the Basque-Cantabrian basin, spain, in Permo-Triassic Salt Provinces of Europe, North Africa and the Atlantic Margins, edited by J. I. Soto, J. F. Flinch, and G. Tari, pp. 371–393, Elsevier, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809417-4.00018-5.

Campredon, R., P. Aicard, A. Bambier, and G. Durozoy (1980), Notice explicatiove, carte géol. france (1/50000), feuille ENTREVAUX (945), Tech. rep., BRGM.

Canérot, J., M. R. Hudec, and K. Rockenbauch (2005), Mesozoic diapirism in the pyrenean orogen: Salt tectonics on a transform plate boundary, AAPG bulletin, 89(2), 211–229, doi: 10.1306/09170404007.

Canova, D. P., M. P. Fischer, R. S. Jayne, and R. M. Pollyea (2018), Advective heat transport and the salt chimney effect: A numerical analysis, Geofluids, 2018, 18, doi: 10.1155/2018/2378710.

Carrapa, B., J. Wijbrans, and G. Bertotti (2003), Episodic exhumation in the Western Alps, Geology, 31(7), 601–604, doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(2003)031<0601:EEITWA>2.0.CO;2.

Cedeño, A., L. A. Rojo, N. Cardozo, L. Centeno, and A. Escalona (2019), The impact of salt tectonics on the thermal evolution and the petroleum system of confined rift basins: Insights from basin modeling of the nordkapp basin, norwegian barents sea, Geosciences Journal, 9(7), 316, doi: 10.3390/geosciences9070316.

Célini, N. (2020), Le rôle des évaporites dans l’évolution tectonique du front alpin : cas de la nappe de digne, Ph.D. thesis, Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour.

Célini, N., J. Callot, J. Ringenbach, and R. Graham (2020), Jurassic salt tectonics in the SW sub-alpine fold-and-thrust belt, Tectonics, 39(10), e2020TC006,107, doi: 10.1029/2020tc006107.

Célini, N., J.-P. Callot, J.-C. Ringenbach, and R. Graham (2021), Anatomy and evolution of the astoin diapiric complex, sub-alpine fold-and-thrust belt (france), Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, 192, 29, doi: 10.1051/bsgf/2021018.

Célini, N., J.-P. Callot, A. Pichat, E. Legeay, R. Graham, and J.-C. Ringenbach (2022), Secondary minibasins in orogens: Examples from the sivas basin (turkey) and the sub-alpine fold-and-thrust belt (france), Journal of Structural Geology, 156, 104,555, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2022.104555.

Célini, N., F. Mouthereau, A. Lahfid, C. Gout, and J.-P. Callot (2023), Rift thermal inheritance in the SW alps (france): insights from RSCM thermometry and 1D thermal numerical modelling, Solid earth, 14(1), 1–16, doi: 10.5194/se-14-1-2023.

Chantraine, J., A. Autran, C. Cavelier, B. Alabouvette, J. C. Barféty, F. Cecca, L. Clozier, S. Debrand-Passard, J. Dubreuilh, J. L. Feybesse, and Others (1996), Carte géologique de la france à 1/1 000 000.

Costa, E., and B. C. Vendeville (2002), Experimental insights on the geometry and kinematics of fold-and-thrust belts above weak, viscous evaporitic décollement, Journal of Structural Geology, 24(11), 1729–1739, doi: 10.1016/S0191-8141(01)00169-9.

Cotton, J. T., and H. A. Koyi (2000), Modeling of thrust fronts above ductile and frictional detachments: Application to structures in the salt range and potwar plateau, pakistan, GSA Bulletin, 112(3), 351–363, doi: 10.1130/0016-7606(2000)112<351:MOTFAD>2.0.CO;2.

Coward, M., and D. Dietrich (1989), Alpine tectonics — an overview, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 45(1), 1–29, doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1989.045.01.01.

Crémades, A., M. Ford, and J. Charreau (2021), Evidence of decoupled deformation during jurassic rifting and cenozoic inversion phases in the salt-rich Corbières-Languedoc transfer zone (Pyreneo-Provencal orogen, france), Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 192(1), 37, doi: 10.1051/bsgf/2021022.

Crumeyrolle, P., J.-L. Rubino, and G. Clauzon (1991), Miocene depositional sequences within a tectonically controlled transgressive-regressive cycle, in Sedimentation, Tectonics and Eustasy: Sea-Level Changes at Active Margins, edited by D. I. M. MacDonald, pp. 373–390, Blackwell Scientific.

Csicsek, L. A. (2023), The influence of salt tectonics in the evolution of the subalpine chains, Haute-Provence, france, Ph.D. thesis, Imperial College London.

Cumberpatch, Z. A., I. A. Kane, E. L. Soutter, D. M. Hodgson, C. A.-L. Jackson, B. A. Kilhams, and Y. Poprawski (2021), Interactions between deep-water gravity flows and active salt tectonics, Journal of Sedimentary Research, 91(1), 34–65, doi: 10.2110/jsr.2020.047.

Curnelle, R., and P. Dubois (1986), Evolution mesozoique des grands bassins sedimentaires francais; bassins de paris, d’aquitaine et du Sud-Est, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, II(4), 529–546, doi: 10.2113/gssgfbull.ii.4.529.

Dardeau, G., and P. C. De Graciansky (1990), Halocinèse et rifting téthysien dans les Alpes-Maritimes (france), Bulletin des centres de recherches exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 14(2), 443–464.

Dardeau, G., D. Fortwengler, d. P.-C. Graciansky, T. Jacquin, D. Marchand, and J. Martinod (1990), Halocinèse et jeu de blocs dans les baronnies : diapirs de propiac, montaulieu, condorcet (département de la drôme, france), Bulletin Centres Rech. Explor. -Prod. Elf-Aquitaine, 14, 111–151.

Davis, D. M., and T. Engelder (1985), The role of salt in fold-and-thrust belts, Tectonophysics, 119(1-4), 67–88, doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(85)90033-2.

Davison, I., and T. A. Cunha (2017), Allochthonous salt sheet growth: Thermal implications for source rock maturation in the deepwater burgos basin and perdido fold belt, mexico, Interpretation, 5(1), T11–T21, doi: 10.1190/int-2016-0035.1.

de Graciansky, P. C., and M. Lemoine (1988), Early Cretaceous extensional tectonics in the southwestern French Alps; a consequence of North-Atlantic rifting during Tethyan spreading, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, IV (5), 733–737, doi: 10.2113/gssgfbull.IV.5.733.

de Graciansky, P. C., G. Dardeau, M. Lemoine, and P. Tricart (1989), The inverted margin of the french alps and foreland basin inversion, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 44(1), 87–104, doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1989.044.01.06.

de Graciansky, P.-C., D. G. Roberts, and P. Tricart (2010), The Western Alps, from Rift to Passive Margin to Orogenic Belt: An Integrated Geoscience Overview, Elsevier.

Debrand-Passard, S., S. Courbouleix, and M.-J. Lienhardt (1984), Synthèse géologique du Sud-Est de la France, Mém. BRGM FR, BRGM.

Decarlis, A., M. G. Fellin, M. Maino, S. Ferrando, G. Manatschal, L. Gaggero, S. Seno, F. M. Stuart, and M. Beltrando (2017), Tectono-thermal evolution of a distal rifted margin: Constraints from the calizzano massif (Prepiedmont-Brianconnais domain, ligurian alps), Tectonics, 36(12), 3209–3228, doi: 10.1002/2017TC004634.

Decrausaz, T., O. Müntener, P. Manzotti, R. Lafay, and C. Spandler (2021), Fossil oceanic core complexes in the alps. new field, geochemical and isotopic constraints from the tethyan aiguilles rouges ophiolite (val d’hérens, western alps, switzerland), Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 114(1), 3, doi: 10.1186/s00015-020-00380-4.

Deville, E., and W. Sassi (2006), Contrasting thermal evolution of thrust systems: An analytical and modeling approach in the front of the western alps, AAPG bulletin, 90(6), 887–907, doi: 10.1306/01090605046.

Di Vincenzo, G., S. Tonarini, B. Lombardo, D. Castelli, and L. Ottolini (2006), Comparison of 40Ar–39Ar and Rb–Sr data on phengites from the UHP Brossasco–Isasca unit (dora maira massif, italy): Implications for dating white mica, Journal of Petrology, 47(7), 1439–1465, doi: 10.1093/petrology/egl018.

Dooley, T., K. R. McClay, M. Hempton, and D. Smit (2005), Salt tectonics above complex basement extensional fault systems: results from analogue modelling, in Petroleum Geology: North-West Europe and Global Perspectives—Proceedings of the 6th Petroleum Geology Conference, vol. 6, edited by A. G. Doré and B. A. Vining, p. 0, Geological Society of London, doi: 10.1144/0061631.

Ducoux, M., L. Jolivet, J.-P. Callot, C. Aubourg, E. Masini, A. Lahfid, E. Homonnay, F. Cagnard, C. Gumiaux, and T. Baudin (2019), The nappe des marbres unit of the basque-cantabrian basin: The tectono-thermal evolution of a fossil hyperextended rift basin, Tectonics, 38(11), 3881–3915, doi: 10.1029/2018tc005348.

Duffy, O. B., T. P. Dooley, M. R. Hudec, M. P. A. Jackson, N. Fernandez, C. A.-L. Jackson, and J. I. Soto (2018), Structural evolution of salt-influenced fold-and-thrust belts: A synthesis and new insights from basins containing isolated salt diapirs, Journal of Structural Geology, 114, 206–221, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2018.06.024.

Dumont, T. (1984), Le rhétien et le lias inférieur prépiémontais: enregistrement sédimentaire du passage des carbonates de plate-forme triasiques au jurassique hémipélagique lors du début du rifting téthysien, Géologie Alpine, 60, 13–25.

Dumont, T. (1988), Late triassic - early jurassic evolution of the western alps and of their european foreland ; initiation of the tethyan rifting, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, IV (4), 601–611.

Dumont, T., T. Simon-Labric, C. Authemayou, and T. Heymes (2011), Lateral termination of the north-directed alpine orogeny and onset of westward escape in the western alpine arc: Structural and sedimentary evidence from the external zone, Tectonics, 30(5), 1–31, doi: 10.1029/2010tc002836.

Dumont, T., S. Schwartz, S. Guillot, T. Simon-Labric, P. Tricart, and S. Jourdan (2012), Structural and sedimentary records of the oligocene revolution in the western alpine arc, Journal of Geodynamics, 56-57, 18–38, doi: 10.1016/j.jog.2011.11.006.

Emre, T. (1977), Contribution à l’étude de quelques diapirs du SE de la france, Ph.D. thesis, Université Scientifique et Médicale de Grenoble.

Emre, T., and G. Truc (1978), Mise en évidence d’un contact discordant Oligocène-Trias dans le massif de suzette . implications tectoniques et conséquences sur l’origine des évaporites ludiennes du bassin de mormoiron ( vaucluse ), Géologie Alpine, 54, 17–23.

Espurt, N., F. Wattellier, J. Philip, J.-C. Hippolyte, O. Bellier, and L. Bestani (2019), Mesozoic halokinesis and basement inheritance in the eastern provence fold-thrust belt, SE france, Tectonophysics, 766, 60–80, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2019.04.027.

Faucher, T., M. Gidon, J.-L. Pairis, and G. Mascle (1988), Directions de transport au front de la nappe de digne (chaînes subalpines méridionales), Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, 306(II), 227–230.

Fernandez, N., and B. J. P. Kaus (2014), Influence of pre-existing salt diapirs on 3D folding patterns, Tectonophysics, 637, 354–369, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.10.021.

Flinch, J. F., and J. I. Soto (2017), Chapter 19 - allochthonous triassic and salt tectonic processes in the Betic-Rif orogenic arc, in Permo-Triassic Salt Provinces of Europe, North Africa and the Atlantic Margins, edited by J. I. Soto, J. F. Flinch, and G. Tari, pp. 417–446, Elsevier, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809417-4.00020-3.

Flinch, J. F., and J. I. Soto (2022), Structure and alpine tectonic evolution of a salt canopy in the western betic cordillera (spain), Marine and Petroleum Geology, 143(105782), 105,782, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2022.105782.

Flinch, J. F., A. W. Bally, and S. Wu (1996), Emplacement of a passive-margin evaporitic allochthon in the betic cordillera of spain, Geology, 24(1), 67–70, doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1996)024<0067:EOAPME>2.3.CO;2.

Ford, Lickorish, and Kusznir (1999), Tertiary foreland sedimentation in the southern subalpine chains, SE france: a geodynamic appraisal, Basin Research, 11(4), 315–336, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2117.1999.00103.x.

Ford, M., and W. H. Lickorish (2004), Foreland basin evolution around the western alpine arc, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 221(1), 39–63, doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2004.221.01.04.

Ford, M., and J. Vergés (2020), Evolution of a salt-rich transtensional rifted margin, eastern north pyrenees, france, https: //, doi: 10.1144/jgs2019-157, accessed: 2024-2-12.

Ford, M., S. Duchene, D. Gasquet, and O. Vanderhaeghe (2006), Two-phase orogenic convergence in the external and internal SW alps,, doi: 10.1144/0016-76492005-034, accessed: 2024-2-12.

Fornel, E. D., P. Joseph, G. Désaubliaux, R. Eschard, F. Guillocheau, O. Lerat, C. Muller, C. Ravenne, and K. Sztrákos (2004), The southern grès d’annot outcrops (french alps): an attempt at regional correlation, Geological Society special publication, 221, 137–160, doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2004.221.01.08.

Fry, N. (1989), Southwestward thrusting and tectonics of the western alps, SP.1989.045.01.05, doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1989.045.01.05, accessed: 2024-2-12.

Gabalda, S., O. Beyssac, L. Jolivet, P. Agard, and C. Chopin (2009), Thermal structure of a fossil subduction wedge in the western alps, Terra nova, 21(1), 28–34, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2008.00849.x.

Gannaway Dalton, C. E., K. A. Giles, J. A. Muñoz, and M. G. Rowan (2022), Interpreting the nature of the aulet and adons diapirs from sedimentologic and stratigraphic analysis of flanking minibasin strata, spanish pyrenees, catalunya, spain, Journal of Sedimentary Research, 92(3), 167–209, doi: 10.2110/jsr.2021.179.

Gebauer, D., H.-P. Schertl, M. Brix, and W. Schreyer (1997), 35 ma old ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism and evidence for very rapid exhumation in the dora maira massif, western alps, Lithos, 41(1), 5–24, doi: 10.1016/S0024-4937(97)82002-6.

Gidon, M. (1971), Notice explicative, carte géologique de la france à 1/50000, feuille 869, gap, Tech. rep., BRGM.

Gidon, M. (1979), Le rôle des étapes successives de déformation dans la tectonique alpine du massif du pelvoux (alpes occidentales), C. R. Acad. Sc. Paris, 288(D), 803–806.

Gidon, M. (1997), Les chaînons subalpins au nord-est de sisteron et l’histoire tectonique de la nappe de digne, Géologie Alpine, 73, 23–57.

Gidon, M., and J.-L. Pairis (1986a), La nappe de digne (chaînes subalpines méridionales) : origine, déplacement et signification régionale, Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, 3030(II), 981–984, doi: 0249-6305/86/03030981.

Gidon, M., and J.-L. Pairis (1986b), Problèmes d’autochtonie et de charriage aux confins méridionaux du dôme de remollon (environs de turriers, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence), Géologie de la France, 4, 417–432.

Gidon, M., and J.-L. Pairis (1992), Relations entre le charriage de la nappe de digne et la structure de sonautochtone dans la vallée du bès (alpes de Haute-Provence, france), Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 85(2), 327–359.

Gidon, M., M. Moullade, G. Montjuvent, and J. Flandrin (1991a), Carte géologique de la france à 1/50000, feuille 893, Laragne-Montéglin.

Gidon, M., G. Montjuvent, J. Flandrin, M. Moullade, G. Durozoy, and L. Damiani (1991b), Notice explicative, carte géologique de la france (1/50000), feuille Laragne-Montéglin (893) - orléans : BRGM, Tech. rep., BRGM.

Gigot, P., and D. Haccard (1970), A propos de l’âge anté-éocène supérieur d’une struture diapirique située près de Saint-Geniez (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) et de ses conséquences structurales, Compte Rendu Sommaire de l Société Géologique de France, pp. 319–321.

Gigot, P., P. Cotillon, D. Haccard, G. Montjuvent, and G. Dardeau (2013), Carte géologique de la france à 1/50000, feuille 917, sisteron.

Giles, K. A., and T. F. Lawton (1999), Attributes and evolution of an exhumed salt weld, la popa basin, northeastern mexico, Geology, 27(4), 323–326, doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1999)027<0323:AAEOAE>2.3.CO;2.

Giles, K. A., and T. F. Lawton (2002), Halokinetic sequence stratigraphy adjacent to the el papalote diapir, northeastern mexico, AAPG bulletin, 86(5), 823–840, doi: 10.1306/61eedbac-173e-11d7-8645000102c1865d.

Giles, K. A., and M. G. Rowan (2012), Concepts in halokinetic-sequence deformation and stratigraphy, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 363(1), 7–31, doi: 10.1144/SP363.2.

Girault, J. B., N. Bellahsen, A. Boutoux, C. L. Rosenberg, U. Nanni, A. Verlaguet, and O. Beyssac (2020), The 3-d thermal structure of the helvetic nappes of the european alps: Implications for collisional processes, Tectonics, 39(3), e2018TC005,334, doi: 10.1029/2018tc005334.

Girault, J. B., N. Bellahsen, M. Bernet, R. Pik, N. Loget, E. Lasseur, C. L. Rosenberg, M. Balvay, and M. Sonnet (2022), Exhumation of the western alpine collisional wedge: New thermochronological data, Tectonophysics, 822(March 2021), 229,155, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2021.229155.

Glotzbach, C., J. Reinecker, M. Danišik, M. Rahn, W. Frisch, and C. Spiegel (2008), Neogene exhumation history of the mont blanc massif, western alps, Tectonics, 27(4), doi: 10.1029/2008TC002257.

Glotzbach, C., P. A. van der Beek, and C. Spiegel (2011), Episodic exhumation and relief growth in the mont blanc massif, western alps from numerical modelling of thermochronology data, Earth and planetary science letters, 304(3), 417–430, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.02.020.

Goguel, J. (1939), Tectonique des chaînes subalpines entre la bléone et la durance- alpes, Bulletin des Services de la Carte Géologique de France, 202(XLI), 1–48.

Graciansky, d. P.-C., J.-L. Rudkiewicz, and P. Samec (1986), Tectonique salifère d’âge jurassique dans la zone subbriançonnaise (alpes de savoie, france) : rôle dans le découpage en nappes de charriage et leur progression, Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, 302(II), 891–896.

Graham, R., and A. Csicsek (2020), The barreme basin and the gevaudan diapir - an example of the interplay between compressional tectonics and salt diapirism, in EGU General Assembly 2020, EGU2020-3655, Copernicus Meetings, doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-3655.

Graham, R., M. Jackson, R. Pilcher, and B. Kilsdonk (2012), Allochthonous salt in the sub-alpine fold–thrust belt of haute provence, france, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 363(1), 595–615, doi: 10.1144/SP363.30.

Graham, R. H., S. Brooke-barnett, L. A. Csicsek, L. Lonergan, N. Célini, J.-P. Callot, and J.-C. Ringenbach (2019), Allochthonous salt in the fold and thrust belt of haute provence, S.W.Alps, in 81st EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2019, doi: 10.3997/2214-4609.201901289.

Granado, P., E. Roca, P. Strauss, K. Pelz, and J. A. Muñoz (2019), Structural styles in fold-and-thrust belts involving early salt structures: The northern calcareous alps (austria), Geology, 47(1), 51–54, doi: 10.1130/G45281.1.

Grunnaleite, I., and A. Mosbron (2019), On the significance of salt Modelling—Example from modelling of salt tectonics, temperature and maturity around salt structures in southern north sea, Geosciences Journal, 9(9), 363, doi: 10.3390/geosciences9090363.

Guilhaumou, N., J. C. Touray, V. Perthuisot, and F. Roure (1996), Palaeocirculation in the basin of southeastern france sub-alpine range: a synthesis from fluid inclusions studies, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 13(6), 695–706, doi: 10.1016/0264-8172(95)00064-X.

Haccard, D., B. Beaudoin, P. Gigot, and M. Jordan (1989a), Notice explicative, carte géol. france (1/50 000), feuille la javie (918).

Haccard, D., B. Beaudoin, M. Lemoine, M. Lanteaume, P. Gigot, Y. Kerrien, J. Labourguigne, J. Manivit, and M. Jorda (1989b), Carte géologique de la france à 1/50000, feuille 918, la javie.

Handy, M. R., S. M. Schmid, R. Bousquet, E. Kissling, and D. Bernoulli (2010), Reconciling plate-tectonic reconstructions of alpine tethys with the geological–geophysical record of spreading and subduction in the alps, Earth-Science Reviews, 102(3), 121–158, doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.06.002.

Hearon, T. E., IV, M. G. Rowan, K. A. Giles, R. A. Kernen, C. E. Gannaway, T. F. Lawton, and J. C. Fiduk (2015), Allochthonous salt initiation and advance in the northern flinders and eastern willouran ranges, south australia: Using outcrops to test subsurface-based models from the northern gulf of mexico, AAPG bulletin, 99(02), 293–331, doi: 10.1306/08111414022.

Henry, D. G., I. Jarvis, G. Gillmore, and M. Stephenson (2019), Raman spectroscopy as a tool to determine the thermal maturity of organic matter: Application to sedimentary, metamorphic and structural geology, Earth-Science Reviews, 198(102936), 102,936, doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.102936.

Herviou, C., P. Agard, A. Plunder, K. Mendes, A. Verlaguet, D. Deldicque, and N. Cubas (2022), Subducted fragments of the Liguro-Piemont ocean, western alps: Spatial correlations and offscraping mechanisms during subduction, Tectonophysics, 827, 229,267, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2022.229267.

Hibsch, C., D. Kandel, C. Montenat, and P. Ott d’Estevou (1992), Evenements tectoniques cretaces dans la partie meridionale du bassin subalpin (massif Ventoux-Lure et partie orientale de l’arc de Castellane, SE France); implications geodynamiques, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 163(2), 147–158.

Hudec, M. R., and M. P. A. Jackson (2006), Advance of allochthonous salt sheets in passive margins and orogens, AAPG Bulletin, 90(10), 1535–1564, doi: 10.1306/05080605143.

Hudec, M. R., T. P. Dooley, L. Burrel, A. Teixell, and N. Fernandez (2021), An alternative model for the role of salt depositional configuration and preexisting salt structures in the evolution of the southern pyrenees, spain, Journal of Structural Geology, 146(104325), 104,325, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2021.104325.

Izquierdo-Llavall, E., A. Menant, C. Aubourg, J.-P. Callot, G. Hoareau, P. Camps, E. Péré, and A. Lahfid (2020), Preorogenic folds and Syn-Orogenic basement tilts in an inverted hyperextended margin: The northern pyrenees case study, Tectonics, 39(7), e2019TC005,719, doi: 10.1029/2019TC005719.

Jackson, M. P. A., and M. R. Hudec (2017), Salt Tectonics: Principles and Practice, Cambridge University Press, doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(89)90177-7.

Jackson, M. P. A., and B. C. Vendeville (1994), Regional extension as a geologic trigger for diapirism, GSA Bulletin, 106(1), 57–73, doi: 10.1130/0016-7606(1994)106<0057:REAAGT>2.3.CO;2.

Jensen, P. K. (1983), Calculations on the thermal conditions around a salt diapir, Geophysical Prospecting, 31(3), 481–489, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.1983.tb01064.x.

Jensen, P. K. (1990), Analysis of the temperature field around salt diapirs, Geothermics, 19(3), 273–283, doi: 10.1016/0375-6505(90)90047-F.

Jourdan, S., M. Bernet, P. Tricart, E. Hardwick, J.-L. Paquette, S. Guillot, T. Dumont, and S. Schwartz (2013), Short-lived, fast erosional exhumation of the internal western Alps during the late early Oligocene: Constraints from geothermochronology of pro- and retro-side foreland basin sediments, Lithosphere, 5(2), 211–225, doi: 10.1130/L243.1.

Jourdon, A., F. Mouthereau, L. Le Pourhiet, and J.-P. Callot (2020), Topographic and tectonic evolution of mountain belts controlled by salt thickness and rift architecture, Tectonics, 39(1), 1–14, doi: 10.1029/2019tc005903.

Kalifi, A., C. Ribes, P. Dietrich, E. Dujoncquoy, J.-A. Muñoz, J.-P. Callot, and J.-C. Ringenbach (2023), Facies distribution along salt walls: The upper cretaceous mixed siliciclastic-carbonate deposits of the cotiella minibasins (southern pyrenees, spain), Marine and Petroleum Geology, 147(105989), 105,989, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2022.105989.

Kerckhove, C., and C. Lereus (1986), Un paléodiapir à coeur triasique resédimenté dans le crétacé du morgon (zone subbriançonnaise des nappes de l’Embrunais-Ubaye, zones internes des alpes occidentales françaises), Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, 303(20), 1813–1818.

Kerckhove, C., and C. Lereus (1987), Le détritisme des black shales crétacées du domaine subbriançonnais durancien. nouvelles données tirées du massif du morgon: un olistostrome à matériel triasique issu d’un diapir synsédimentaire, Géologie Alpine, Mém. H.S., 235–245.

Kerckhove, C., and F. Thouvenot (2010), Notice explicative, carte géol. france (1/50 000), feuille allos (919).

Kley, J., and T. Voigt (2008), Late cretaceous intraplate thrusting in central europe: Effect of Africa-Iberia-Europe convergence, not alpine collision, Geology, 36(11), 839–842, doi: 10.1130/G24930A.1.

Koyi, H. A., A. Ghasemi, K. Hessami, and C. Dietl (2008), The mechanical relationship between strike-slip faults and salt diapirs in the zagros fold–thrust belt, Journal of the Geological Society, 165(6), 1031–1044, doi: 10.1144/0016-76492007-142.

Labaume, P., and A. Teixell (2020), Evolution of salt structures of the pyrenean rift (chaînons béarnais, france): From hyper-extension to tectonic inversion, Tectonophysics, 785, 228,451, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2020.228451.

Labaume, P., M. Jolivet, F. Souquière, and A. Chauvet (2008), Tectonic control on diagenesis in a foreland basin: combined petrologic and thermochronologic approaches in the grès d’annot basin (late Eocene–Early oligocene, French–Italian external alps), Terra nova, 20(2), 95–101, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2008.00793.x.

Lahfid, A., O. Beyssac, E. Deville, F. Negro, C. Chopin, and B. Goffé (2010), Evolution of the raman spectrum of carbonaceous material in low-grade metasediments of the glarus alps (switzerland), Terra nova, 22(5), 354–360, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.2010.00956.x.

Lanari, P., S. Guillot, S. Schwartz, O. Vidal, P. Tricart, N. Riel, and O. Beyssac (2012), Diachronous evolution of the alpine continental subduction wedge: Evidence from P–T estimates in the briançonnais zone houillère (france – western alps), Journal of Geodynamics, 56-57, 39–54, doi: 10.1016/j.jog.2011.09.006.

Lapparent, d. A. F. (1940), Précisions nouvelles au sujet des diapirs de suzette (vaucluse) et de propiac (drôme), Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, s5-X (1-2), 3–15.

Le Breton, E., S. Brune, K. Ustaszewski, S. Zahirovic, M. Seton, and R. D. Müller (2021), Kinematics and extent of the Piemont–Liguria basin – implications for subduction processes in the alps, Solid earth, 12(4), 885–913, doi: 10.5194/se-12-885-2021.

Legeay, E., J.-C. Ringenbach, C. Kergaravat, A. Pichat, G. Mohn, J. Vergés, S. Kavak Kaan, and J.-P. Callot (2020), Structure and kinematics of the central sivas basin (turkey): salt deposition and tectonics in an evolving fold-and-thrust belt, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 490(1), 361–396, doi: 10.1144/SP490-2019-92.

Lemoine, M., T. Bas, A. Arnaud-Vanneau, H. Arnaud, T. Dumont, M. Gidon, M. Bourbon, P.-C. de Graciansky, J.-L. Rudkiewicz, J. Megard-Galli, and P. Tricart (1986), The continental margin of the mesozoic tethys in the western alps, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 3(3), 179–199, doi: 10.1016/0264-8172(86)90044-9.

Li, X., L. Cai, S. Liu, and X. Li (2020), Thermal properties of evaporitic rocks and their geothermal effects on the kuqa foreland basin, northwest china, Geothermics, 88(vember 2019), 101,898, doi: 10.1016/j.geothermics.2020.101898.

Liati, A., N. Froitzheim, and C. M. Fanning (2005), Jurassic ophiolites within the valais domain of the western and central alps: geochronological evidence for re-rifting of oceanic crust, Contributions to mineralogy and petrology. Beitrage zur Mineralogie und Petrologie, 149(4), 446–461, doi: 10.1007/s00410-005-0658-7.

Lickorish, W. H., and M. Ford (1998), Sequential restoration of the external alpine digne thrust system, SE france, constrained by kinematic data and synorogenic sediments, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 134(1), 189–211.

Lopez-Mir, B., J. Anton Muñoz, and J. García Senz (2014), Restoration of basins driven by extension and salt tectonics: Example from the cotiella basin in the central pyrenees, Journal of Structural Geology, 69(PA), 147–162, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2014.09.022.

Loprieno, A., R. Bousquet, S. Bucher, S. Ceriani, F. H. Dalla Torre, B. Fügenschuh, and S. M. Schmid (2011), The valais units in savoy (france): a key area for understanding the palaeogeography and the tectonic evolution of the western alps, International Journal of Earth Sciences, 100(5), 963–992, doi: 10.1007/s00531-010-0595-1.

Manatschal, G., and O. Müntener (2009), A type sequence across an ancient magma-poor ocean–continent transition: the example of the western alpine tethys ophiolites, Tectonophysics, 473(1), 4–19, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2008.07.021.

Manzotti, P., M. Ballèvre, P. Pitra, and F. Schiavi (2021), Missing lawsonite and aragonite found: P–T and fluid composition in meta-marls from the combin zone (western alps), Contributions to mineralogy and petrology. Beitrage zur Mineralogie und Petrologie, 176(8), 60, doi: 10.1007/s00410-021-01818-0.

Mascle, G., H. Arnaud, G. Dardeau, J. Debelmas, P. Dubois, M. Gidon, d. P.-C. Graciansky, C. Kerckhove, and M. Lemoine (1986), Halocinèse précoce sur la marge téthysienne alpine : vers une réinterprétation des zones de gypse des alpes, Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, 302(II), 963–968.

Mascle, G., H. Arnaud, G. Dardeau, J. Debelmas, P. Delpech, P. Dubois, M. Gidon, P. Graciansky, C. Kerckhove, and M. Lemoine (1988), Salt tectonics, tethyan rifting and alpine folding in the french alps, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, 8(4), 747–758, doi: 10.2113/GSSGFBULL.IV.5.747.

McClay, K., J.-A. Muñoz, and J. García-Senz (2004), Extensional salt tectonics in a contractional orogen: A newly identified tectonic event in the spanish pyrenees, Geology, 32(9), 737–740, doi: 10.1130/G20565.1.

Mello, U. T., G. D. Karner, and R. N. Anderson (1995), Role of salt in restraining the maturation of subsalt source rocks, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 12(7), 697–716, doi: 10.1016/0264-8172(95)93596-V.

Michard, A., T. Dumont, L. Andreani, and N. Loget (2010), Cretaceous folding in the dévoluy mountains (subalpine chains, france): gravity-driven detachment at the european paleomargin versus compressional event, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 181(6), 565–581, doi: 10.2113/gssgfbull.181.6.565.

Miró, J., O. Ferrer, J. A. Muñoz, and G. Manastchal (2023), Role of inheritance during tectonic inversion of a rift system in basement-involved to salt-decoupled transition: analogue modelling and application to the Pyrenean–Biscay system, Solid earth, 14(4), 425–445, doi: 10.5194/se-14-425-2023.

Motte, G., G. Hoareau, J.-P. Callot, S. Révillon, F. Piccoli, S. Calassou, and E. C. Gaucher (2021), Rift and salt-related multi-phase dolomitization: example from the northwestern pyrenees, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 126, 104,932, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2021.104932.

Nalpas, T., and J.-P. Brun (1993), Salt flow and diapirism related to extension at crustal scale, Tectonophysics, 228(3), 349–362, doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(93)90348-N.

Negro, F., R. Bousquet, F. Vils, C.-M. Pellet, and J. Hänggi-Schaub (2013), Thermal structure and metamorphic evolution of the Piemont-Ligurian metasediments in the northern western alps, Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 106(1), 63–78, doi: 10.1007/s00015-013-0119-7.

Parizot, O., D. F. Lamotte, and Y. Missenard (2023), A new look at old debates about the corbières (NE-Pyrenees) geology: salt tectonics and gravity gliding, BSGF - Earth Sciences Bulletin, 194(6), 18, doi: 10.1051/bsgf/2023003/5832645/bsgf.

Pedrera, A., A. Ruiz-Constán, J. García-Senz, A. Azor, C. Marín-Lechado, C. Ayala, J. A. Díaz de Neira, and L. R. Rodríguez-Fernández (2020), Evolution of the South-Iberian paleomargin: From hyperextension to continental subduction, Journal of Structural Geology, 138, 104,122, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2020.104122.

Pedrera, A., J. García-Senz, E. L. Pueyo, B. López-Mir, R. Silva-Casal, and J. Díaz-Alvarado (2023), Inhomogeneous rift inversion and the evolution of the pyrenees, Earth-Science Reviews, 245(104555), 104,555, doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2023.104555.

Peel, F. J. (2014), How do salt withdrawal minibasins form? insights from forward modelling, and implications for hydrocarbon migration, Tectonophysics, 630, 222–235, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.05.027.

Perthuisot, V., and N. Guilhaumou (1983), Les diapirs triasiques du domaine vocontien; phases diapiriques et hydrothermales en domaine perialpin, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, XXV (3), 397–410, doi: 10.2113/GSSGFBULL.S7-XXV.3.397.

Peterson, K., and I. Lerche (1995), Quantification of thermal anomalies in sediments around salt structures, Geothermics, 24(2), 253–268.

Philippe, Y., E. Deville, and A. Mascle (1998), Thin-skinned inversion tectonics at oblique basin margins: example of the western vercors and chartreuse subalpine massifs (SE france), Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 134(1), 239–262, doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1998.134.01.11.

Plunder, A., P. Agard, B. Dubacq, C. Chopin, and M. Bellanger (2012), How continuous and precise is the record of p–t paths? insights from combined thermobarometry and thermodynamic modelling into subduction dynamics (schistes lustrés, w. alps), Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 30(3), 323–346, doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1314.2011.00969.x.

Poprawski, Y., C. Basile, L. M. Agirrezabala, E. Jaillard, M. Gaudin, and T. Jacquin (2014), Sedimentary and structural record of the albian growth of the bakio salt diapir (the basque country, northern spain), Basin Research, 26(6), 746–766, doi: 10.1111/bre.12062.

Poprawski, Y., C. Basile, Z. Cumberpatch, and A. Eude (2021), Mass transport deposits in deep-water minibasins: Outcropping examples from the minibasins adjacent to the bakio salt wall (basque country, northern spain), Marine and Petroleum Geology, 132, 105,194, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2021.105194.

Ramos, A., J. García-Senz, A. Pedrera, C. Ayala, F. Rubio, C. Peropadre, and J. F. Mediato (2022), Salt control on the kinematic evolution of the southern Basque-Cantabrian basin and its underground storage systems (northern spain), Tectonophysics, 822, 229,178, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2021.229178.

Roca, E., O. Ferrer, M. G. Rowan, J. A. Muñoz, M. Butillé, K. A. Giles, P. Arbués, and M. de Matteis (2021), Salt tectonics and controls on halokinetic-sequence development of an exposed deepwater diapir: The bakio diapir, Basque-Cantabrian basin, pyrenees, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 123, 104,770, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2020.104770.

Rosenberg, C. L., N. Bellahsen, A. Rabaute, and J.-B. Girault (2021), Distribution, style, amount of collisional shortening, and their link to barrovian metamorphism in the european alps, Earth-Science Reviews, 222, 103,774, doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2021.103774.

Rousset, C., A. Bambier, and C. Kerckhove (1983), Notice explicative, carte géologique de la france (1/50000), feuille seyne (894) - orléans, Tech. rep., BRGM.

Rowan, M. G., and K. A. Giles (2021), Passive versus active salt diapirism, AAPG bulletin, 105(1), 53–63, doi: 10.1306/05212020001.

Rowan, M. G., and B. C. Vendeville (2006), Foldbelts with early salt withdrawal and diapirism: Physical model and examples from the northern gulf of mexico and the flinders ranges, australia, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 23(9), 871–891, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2006.08.003.

Rowan, M. G., K. A. Giles, T. E. Hearon, IV, and J. C. Fiduk (2016), Megaflaps adjacent to salt diapirs, AAPG bulletin, 100(11), 1723–1747, doi: 10.1306/05241616009.

Saspiturry, N., A. Lahfid, T. Baudin, L. Guillou-Frottier, P. Razin, B. Issautier, B. Le Bayon, O. Serrano, Y. Lagabrielle, and B. Corre (2020), Paleogeothermal gradients across an inverted hyperextended rift system: Example of the mauléon fossil rift (western pyrenees), Tectonics, 39(10), doi: 10.1029/2020tc006206.

Schorn, A., and F. Neubauer (2014), The structure of the hallstatt evaporite body (northern calcareous alps, austria): A compressive diapir superposed by strike-slip shear?, Journal of Structural Geology, 60, 70–84, doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2013.12.008.

Schwartz, S., S. Guillot, B. Reynard, R. Lafay, B. Debret, C. Nicollet, P. Lanari, and A. L. Auzende (2013), Pressure–temperature estimates of the lizardite/antigorite transition in high pressure serpentinites, Lithos, 178, 197–210, doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2012.11.023.

Schwartz, S., C. Gautheron, L. Audin, T. Dumont, J. Nomade, J. Barbarand, R. Pinna-Jamme, and P. van der Beek (2017), Foreland exhumation controlled by crustal thickening in the western alps, Geology, 45(2), 139–142, doi: 10.1130/G38561.1.

Sherkati, S., and J. Letouzey (2004), Variation of structural style and basin evolution in the central zagros (izeh zone and dezful embayment), iran, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 21(5), 535–554, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2004.01.007.

Sommaruga, A. (1999), Décollement tectonics in the jura forelandfold-and-thrust belt, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 16(2), 111–134, doi: 10.1016/s0264-8172(98)00068-3.

Stampfli, G. M., and G. D. Borel (2002), A plate tectonic model for the paleozoic and mesozoic constrained by dynamic plate boundaries and restored synthetic oceanic isochrons, Earth and planetary science letters, 196(1), 17–33, doi: 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00588-X.

Stewart, S. A., and J. A. Clark (1999), Impact of salt on the structure of the central north sea hydrocarbon fairways, Geological Society, London, Petroleum Geology Conference Series, 5(1), 179–200, doi: 10.1144/0050179.

Stewart, S. A., M. J. Harvey, S. C. Otto, and P. J. Weston (1996), Influence of salt on fault geometry: examples from the UK salt basins, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 100(1), 175–202, doi: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1996.100.01.12.

Strauss, P., P. Granado, and J. A. Muñoz (2021), Subsidence analysis of salt tectonics-driven carbonate minibasins (northern calcareous alps, austria), Basin Research, 33(2), 968–990, doi: 10.1111/bre.12500.

Sue, C., P. Tricart, T. Dumont, and A. Pêcher (1997), Raccourcissement polyphasé dans le massif du pelvoux (alpes occidentales): exemple du chevauchement de socle de Villard-Notre-Dame, Comptes Rendus De L Academie Des Sciences Serie Ii Fascicule A-sciences De La Terre Et Des Planetes, 324(IIa), 847–854, doi: 10.1016/S1251-8050(97)82520-7.

Tricart, P., P. van der Beek, S. Schwartz, and E. Labrin (2007), Diachronous late-stage exhumation across the western alpine arc: constraints from apatite fission-track thermochronology between the pelvoux and Dora-Maira massifs, https://www., doi: 10.1144/0016-76492005-174, accessed: 2024-2-12.

Valla, P. G., P. A. van der Beek, D. L. Shuster, J. Braun, F. Herman, L. Tassan-Got, and C. Gautheron (2012), Late neogene exhumation and relief development of the aar and aiguilles rouges massifs (swiss alps) from low-temperature thermochronology modeling and 4He/3He thermochronometry, Journal of geophysical research, 117(F1), 1–23, doi: 10.1029/2011jf002043.

van Hinsbergen, D. J. J., T. H. Torsvik, S. M. Schmid, L. C. Maţenco, M. Maffione, R. L. M. Vissers, D. Gürer, and W. Spakman (2020), Orogenic architecture of the mediterranean region and kinematic reconstruction of its tectonic evolution since the triassic, Gondwana Research, 81, 79–229, doi: 10.1016/

Vendeville, B. C., and M. P. A. Jackson (1992), The rise and fall of diapirs during thin-skinned extension, AAPG bulletin, 9, 331–354.

Vergés, J., Y. Poprawski, Y. Almar, P. A. Drzewiecki, M. Moragas, T. Bover-Arnal, C. Macchiavelli, W. Wright, G. Messager, J.-C. Embry, and D. Hunt (2020), Tectono-sedimentary evolution of Jurassic–Cretaceous diapiric structures: Miravete anticline, maestrat basin, spain, Basin Research, 32(6), 1653–1684, doi: 10.1111/bre.12447.

Vernet, J. (1966), Observations nouvelles sur le synclinal d’ailefroide et les bordures du massif du pelvoux en vallouise, Trav. Lab. Géol. Grenoble, 42, 275–280.

Vernon, A. J., P. A. van der Beek, H. D. Sinclair, and M. K. Rahn (2008), Increase in late neogene denudation of the european alps confirmed by analysis of a fission-track thermochronology database, Earth and planetary science letters, 270(3), 316–329, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.03.053.

Vizgirda, J., J. J. O’Brien, and I. Lerche (1985), Thermal anomalies on the flanks of a salt dome, Geothermics, 14(4), 553–565, doi: 10.1016/0375-6505(85)90006-9.

Warren, J. K. (2006), Evaporites:Sediments, Resources and Hydrocarbons, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, doi: 10.1007/3-540-32344-9.

Wicker, V., and M. Ford (2021), Assessment of the tectonic role of the triassic evaporites in the north toulon fold-thrust belt, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, 192(51), 51, doi: 10.1051/bsgf/2021033.

Withjack, M. O., and S. Callaway (2000), Active normal faulting beneath a salt layer: An experimental study of deformation patterns in the cover sequence, AAPG bulletin, 84(5), 627–651, doi: 10.1306/c9ebce73-1735-11d7-8645000102c1865d.

Zhuo, Q. G., F. W. Meng, M. J. Zhao, Y. Li, X. S. Lu, and P. Ni (2016), The salt chimney effect: delay of thermal evolution of deep hydrocarbon source rocks due to high thermal conductivity of evaporites, Geofluids, 16(3), 440–451, doi: 10.1111/gfl.12162.